Criminal Justice

Juvenile justice report raps Jindal for 'backsliding'

The advocates who wrote this report accuse Gov. Bobby Jindal of breaking his pledge to improve juvenile justice.

Advocates for young people slipping into the clutches of the criminal justice system took to the steps of the statehouse today and called on Governor Bobby Jindal to stop “backsliding” on his commitment to reform the state’s notorious juvenile justice system and instead support programs that favor rehabilitation over punishment.

In a report called What’s Really Up, Doc?”, representatives of two groups – Families and Friends of Louisiana’s Incarcerated Children and the Juvenile Justice Project of Louisiana – expressed particular dissatisfaction with Mary Livers, Jindal’s 2008 appointee to run the state Office of Juvenile Justice.

“Despite claims of reform,” the report charges, “Louisiana is still operating under the traditional, punitive method of juvenile justice.”

Livers has a 30 year history in adult corrections, and “minimal experience in juvenile rehabilitation,” said the report, issued today at noon on the Capitol steps in Baton Rouge. In her three-plus years on the job, the report states,  “Louisiana’s juvenile justice system has experienced frightening trends of violence and neglect permeating through the secure care facilities that house Louisiana’s youth.”

Years before her appointment to the Office of Juvenile Justice, Livers worked at the Oklahoma Department of Corrections and for Avalon Correctional Service in Oklahoma, a private firm that operates prisons and juvenile jails.

The report calls for a recommitment by the Office of Juvenile Justice to reforms enacted in 2003 that advocates say have been neglected. Among measures urged by the report:

  • Full implementation of youth-justice reforms enacted in 2003.
  • Better training for staff in youth-related issues.
  • Create regional youth facilities.
  • Emphasize community-based rehabilitation programs over incarceration.
  • Build smaller dorms in youth facilities to decrease violence and increase staff interaction.
  • Improve programming in facilities around the state.
  • Greater parental involvement with more direct action from the state to bring parents into the program.

The report reminds state leaders that in 2003 Louisiana passed “sweeping juvenile justice reform legislation that committed the state to a more therapeutic model of juvenile rehabilitation.”

Those reforms came about only after recognition that, as the report states, “the state’s youth prison system was one of the most brutal in the nation.” They followed a U.S. Department of Justice lawsuit against Louisiana over unconstitutional conditions at youth facilities and “well-publicized violence in the facilities,” the report states.

The resulting legislation, Act 1225, committed the state to reforms modeled on Missouri’s well-regarded youth justice program.

The “Louisiana Model” that emerged closely tracked the Office of Juvenile Justice’s Louisiana Children’s Code, which was “crafted with the idea that adjudicated youth are not placed in OJJ’s custody for the purposes of punishment, or to be segregated from society; rather, they are placed in OJJ’s custody for the sole purpose of rehabilitation and treatment,” the report said.

The year Louisiana enacted the reforms, Oklahoma’s Office of Juvenile Affairs terminated the prison management contract with the firm for which Livers worked.   One reason cited for the cancelation was the poor quality of education programs Avalon offered to youth, according to a report issued by the Oklahoma Public Employees Association, an opponent of prison privatization.

The youth advocacy groups accuse Jindal of backsliding on commitments to invest in a continuum of services for youth and instead refocusing on incarceration as the principal response to youthful offenders. “It is of great concern that just a decade ago Louisiana was making national headlines about problems in juvenile justice,” said Dana Kaplan, executive director of the Juvenile Justice Project.

“The problems and the violence in the youth facilities has increased” in recent years, Kaplan said, “and there will be serious consequences if there is not real investment in youth services – and greater leadership.”

The American Correctional Association has reported that it costs between $66,000 and $88,000 to incarcerate a youth for between nine and 12 months, far more than the state’s per student allocation for public education.

Kaplan and others have mounted a concerted effort to address the notorious “school to prison pipeline” whereby suspensions and expulsions for minor infractions can lead to criminal offenses and eventual incarceraton. Youth advocates have pushed for school- and community-based programs that divert youthful offenders from prison.

The pro-youth pushback – one wag has dubbed it “No Child Left Behind Bars” – is being undermined by the Jindal adminstration’s enthusiastic prison privatization schemes and further cuts in community-based services  – not to mention the absence of ongoing federal oversight of the Office of Juvenile Justice, Kaplan contends.

Part of the 2003 federal settlement required the state to fully fund health care services for youthful offenders, but the agreement expired around 2005, Kaplan said. Jindal ended a contract with Louisiana State University that was providing state-run health care services to youthful offenders and turned it over to private providers.

Over time, Jindal has “consolidated OJJ services with the State Police, slashed funding for community-based services, privatized healthcare in the facility, and cut vocational programming for youth,” the report says.

The Office of Juvenile Justice operates four youth facilities in Louisiana: Swanson Center for Youth in Monroe; the Jetson Center for Youth near Baton Rouge; and the Bridge City Center for Youth near New Orleans. Its website claims to “serve youth in the community who are not involved in our system,” through community services programs at a dozen locations around the state.

The Lens sent a copy of the report to the Office of Juvenile Justice for comment, after the office declined to comment on its contents without first reading it.

A response was not immediately forthcoming.

After reviewing the report, in an email to The Lens the Office of Juvenile Justice defended its performance under Livers, saying it is “completely dedicated to reform of the juvenile justice system in Louisiana.”

“Current data show that our recidivism rates have fallen in all areas (secure care, non-secure, probation field services) and violent incidents have decreased in our secure facilities,” the statement said, adding that the office “has made remarkable progress toward systemic reform, in a short period of time …”




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About Tom Gogola

Tom Gogola covered criminal justice for The Lens from February 2012 to May 2013. He is a veteran journalist and editor who has written on a range of subjects for many publications, including Newsday, New York, The Nation, and Maxim. Gogola was a 2011 winner of the Hillman Foundation Sidney Award, for his groundbreaking report in New York magazine detailing regulatory waste in the commercial fishing industry.

  • mschnaare

    As i see it there is alot of work to be done especially with the school to jail pipeline as a family witb a special needs kid we have personally experienced this and it is wrong and a big part of the problem here is schools are not equipped to deal with students classified as E.d. Students and they are hard to handle and require different treatment and class settings and the schools get sick of dealung with these kids so they get taken to court. This is not how things should be done why instead of helping a kid with special needs woukd anyone want to throw them away and potentially add to probkems with behavior that already exist and ruin lives and families.

  • I was suggested this blog via my cousin. I am now not certain whether this put up is written via him as no one else recognize such distinctive about my problem. You are amazing! Thanks!

  • Ibrahim Lincoln

    The barbarism that has long been this state’s status quo is utterly appalling. We live in a city that has long had a murder rate that resembles a war zone and that has kept on imprisoning its citizens at record rates for years. Faced with the obvious failure of this “system,” what do we do? We duplicate it for our youth, thereby ensuring that our unique cycle of despair will continue in perpetuity. Where else in the world would the leaders of such a corrupt and deligitimated system continue to get elected to office? People like Bobby and Marlin know that the key to their success lies in keeping the majority uneducated and behind bars. Another Louisiana success story!

  • The jig is up. The chips are in. We know what works. Whether it’s dealing with incarcerated youth, people suffering from personality disorders and other serious mental illness like schizophrenia or stopping recidivism rates among our incarnated adult population–we have the answer to many of these social ills that have been persistently plaguing our postmodern world.
    This is also true for our children and our young adults who deserve a better educational system (for starters lets try paying more for schools than we do on prisons), let’s give higher wages to parents who are overworked and underpaid, which will in turn give our families a fighting chance to help nuture their children… Meanwhile, back on Cheney’s Ranch the richest among us continue to have little reason to care either way. But they should because when our children fail to become productive members of our society our future is lost.

    We can start quickly by implementing what are known as evidence-based practices, programs that have yielded very positive results in their use. Programs that have no evidence behind them should be defunded and replaced with ones that do. This is happening in social work, nursing, with medical procedures and it’s a good thing. Not only do these evidence-based practices work they are also cost-effective. All the items suggested in the What’s Really Up Doc? report would go hand in hand with an evidence-based program.
    Our children and our youth deserve to have the highest quality services that have been proven to work.
    Continue to pay for programs that don’t work and we and –even worse–our future will pay for it and so will America. Let’s give our kids a fighting chance, even those that have made some mistakes.